Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Association between Parental Addiction and Unintentional Childhood Poisoning

(2016) Association between Parental Addiction and Unintentional Childhood Poisoning. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad. pp. 2273-2280. ISSN 2345-5047

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Abstract

Background Children that living with addicted parents are at risk for intentionally and unintentionally poisoning. Present study aimed to evaluate the effect of parental addiction on unintentional childhood poisoning. Materials and Methods: Totally, 140 admitted children with poisoning in Loghman hospital, Tehran-Iran, as referral center were recruited from March 2013 to July 2014. Cases were matched with 280 controls by age (within a caliper of six months), gender, and date of hospital attendance in Tehran, Iran. Parents were interviewed using an objective checklist about the risk factors of childhood poisoning. Conditional logistic regression with within-group varying weights was used to adjust for measured confounders. Vary weights within the matched set was defined by inverse probability weighting (IPW). Results: Sixty-two of cases (74.7) were poisoned with Methadone. The odds ratio OR 95% confidence interval CI of having addicted parents in poisoned children compared to the controls in three scenarios of ordinary, un-stabilized weighted and stabilized weighted conditional regression logistic ORs (95% CI) were 17.3 (8.7, 34.6), 2.6 (1.9, 3.3) and 3.6 (2.9, 4.3) respectively. Conclusion The results indicate that child abuse and neglect have been linked to parental substance abuse. Education on preventive interventions such as safe storage of methadone and store poisoning product out of reach and sight of children are necessary in substance abusing families.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Child Iran Poisoning Parents Substance-Related Disorders children population methadone abuse community risk Pediatrics
Page Range: pp. 2273-2280
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 4
Number: 7
ISSN: 2345-5047
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.rums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4477

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