Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Epidemiological Investigation of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Tehran Province, 2006-2015

(2016) Epidemiological Investigation of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Tehran Province, 2006-2015. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad. pp. 1895-1902. ISSN 2345-5047

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Abstract

Background: On tuberculosis control standpoint, the treatment of children with TB is not considered a priority as they rarely transmit the disease and contribute little to the maintenance of the tuberculosis epidemic. Therefor this study conducted to describe pediatric TB cases, and to identify pattern of risk factors in non-endemic communities Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study conducted on 139 children under-five years of old with TB in Tehran province from March 2006 to March 2015. Data were extracted from TB registry system. Data were analyzed using Stata software version, 12. Results: Overall, records on 139 children with TB had been evaluated. Most of under-five TB cases were boys (58) and urban dwellers (88), roughly half of the sample (54) was diagnosed as extra-pulmonary TB, while most of them (66) had been reported through public health networks. Treatment success rate were nearly 85, and 11 of them had been deceased. There was a significant relationship between household contacts and type of TB (P < 0.05). Conclusion: We found that most of pediatric TB cases in central part of Iran were males, urban dwellers, and extra pulmonary type. Despite the fact that Afghans refugees make up a small percentage of the population of Tehran province but more than 25 of TB cases attributable to them. Given that Pediatric TB is a direct consequence of adult TB and is a good marker of current transmission in the community, therefore necessary health strategies should be taken to control TB in this high-risk group.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Epidemiology Iran Pediatrics Tuberculosis childhood tuberculosis pulmonary tuberculosis challenges era Pediatrics
Page Range: pp. 1895-1902
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 4
Number: 6
ISSN: 2345-5047
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.rums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4489

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