Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Proinflammatory Cytokines in the Embolic Model of Cerebral Ischemia in Rat

(2014) Proinflammatory Cytokines in the Embolic Model of Cerebral Ischemia in Rat. Iranian Journal of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. pp. 125-130. ISSN 1735-1502

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Increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines have been recorded after the onset of transient or permanent brain ischemia and are usually associated with exacerbation of ischemic injury. Embolic stroke model is more relevant to the pathophysiological situation in such patients, because the majority of ischemic injuries in humans are induced by old thrombi that originate from the heart and carotid arteries. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate changes of inflammatory cytokines after embolic stroke. Rats were subjected to embolic stroke, induced by a natural old clot which was injected in Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA), or sham stroke, which the same volume of saline was injected into the MCA. At 48 h after stroke induction, the levels of 5 cytokines (IL-1 alpha and beta, IL-6, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha) were determined in 500 mu g of total protein using the Bio-Plex Rat Cytokine Array (BioRad), according to the manufacturer's instructions in ischemic and non-ischemic cortices. While stroke animals showed infarctions and neurological deficits, we did not observe any cerebral infarction and neurological deficits in sham-operated animals. The levels of IL-1 alpha (p=0.000) and -beta (p = 0.004), IL-6 (p = 0.008), TNF-alpha (p = 0.000) and IFN-gamma (p = 0.044) were significantly increased compared to sham treated animals. The findings of the present study suggest that part of ischemic injury in the embolic stroke may be mediated through the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Brain ischemia IFN-gamma IL-1 IL-6 TNF-alpha infarct volume neurological deficits artery occlusion tnf-alpha stroke inflammation brain interleukin-10 protects Allergy Immunology
Page Range: pp. 125-130
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 13
Number: 2
ISSN: 1735-1502
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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